Leucine aminopeptidase from Streptomyces hygroscopicus is controlled by a low molecular weight inhibitor
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In culture filtrate of Streptomyces hygroscopicus a producer of polyketide antibiotics, a leucine aminopeptidase and its autogenous inhibitor were detected. The leucine aminopeptidase was purified 4573-fold with yield of 82% by combination of ion exchange and hydrophobic chromatography. The enzyme is monomeric with a molecular mass of 51 kDa determined by gel chromatography and 67 kDa determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Optimal activity was at pH 8.0 and 40°C. The pI of leucine aminopeptidase is 8.2. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by 1,10-phenantroline, amastatin and dithiothreitol. Atomic absorption spectrometry indicated 2 mols of ion zinc per mol of enzyme. The enzyme is stable at up to 70°C. Leucine aminopeptidase prefers leucine and methionine as N-terminal amino acids. Activity of leucine aminopeptidase is strongly modulated by an autogenous low-molecular weight inhibitor during fermentation, especially during periods of intensive antibiotic... production.
Keywords:Leucine aminopeptidase / Low molecular weight autogenous inhibitor / Metalloenzyme / Monomeric / Streptomyces hygroscopicus
Source:Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 2002, 94, 4, 309-314
- Society of Fermentation and Bioengineering