Aqua regia extracted metals in sediments from the industrial area and surroundings of Pancevo, Serbia
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Surface and buried sediments were analyzed for Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn. Ni, Pb, Zn and V. as well as for total carbon and hydrogen to assess the distribution of sediment pollution due to the vicinity of the petrochemical complex. The samples, collected from 20 locations within the petrochemical complex and from 16 locations outside the complex, were aqua regia extracted and analyzed by ICP/OES. Metals were determined with an acceptable accuracy for certified metals of 82-113%. The precision for the aqua regia extraction was satisfactory, less than 20%, except for Cd where it was 28%. Comparison of the data from the petrochemical with those from the non-petrochemical areas showed different distributions of the metals. Metals that exceeded the baseline range; Ba, Cd, Cu, Zn and Pb, were detected in higher concentrations in sediments that were under the influence of the chlor-alkali plant within the petrochemical complex. Comparison with data from the petrochemical complex and its surr...oundings and their distribution demonstrated that the metal compositions of the sediments were modified by anthropogenic activities.
Keywords:Surface and buried sediments / Petrochemical and non-petrochemical area / Aqua regia / Baseline range
Source:Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2011, 186, 2-3, 1893-1901
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam