Surface properties of the Ni-silica gel catalyst precursors for the vegetable oil hydrogenation process: N-2 sorption and XPS studies
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Jovanović, Dušan M.
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The effect of the type of the silica gel pore structure on the surface properties of the Ni-silica gel catalyst precursors for the vegetable oil hydrogenation process has been examined applying N-2 sorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy techniques. The nickel catalyst precursors with identical composition (SiO2/Ni = 1.0) has been synthesized by precipitation of Ni(NO3)(2) center dot 6H(2)O solution with Na2CO3 solution on the three types of silica gel with different pore structures. It is shown that the usage of the silica gel supports with different texture as source of SiO2 causes different location of Ni-species into the support pores and on the external surface area. The XPS data confirm the formation of surface species with different strength of interaction and different dispersion. These surface characteristics of the precursors will predetermine the formation of the active nickel metallic phase as well as the mass transfer of the reactants and products to and from the cat...alytic sites.
Keywords:surface properties / Ni-silica gel catalyst / hydrogenation / X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy / N-2 sorption
Source:Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2011, 85, 13, 2380-2385
- Maik Nauka/Interperiodica/Springer, New York