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dc.creatorRončević, Vukašin
dc.creatorŽivanović, Nikola
dc.creatorvan Boxel, John
dc.creatorIserloh, Thomas
dc.creatorŠtrbac, Snežana
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-21T13:54:16Z
dc.date.available2023-09-21T13:54:16Z
dc.date.issued2023
dc.identifier.issn2073-4441
dc.identifier.urihttps://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/6627
dc.description.abstractRainfall simulators represent often-used equipment for soil research. Depending on their performance, they could be appropriate for some soil research or not. The aim of this research is to provide insight into the capabilities of existing dripping rainfall simulators (DRS) to mimic natural rainfall and the frequency of simulated rainfalls of certain characteristics, facilitate the selection of rain simulators that would best meet the needs of soil research and to reach a step closer to the standardization of rainfall simulators. DRS performance was analyzed integrally, for simulators with more than one dripper (DRS>1) and with one dripper (DRS=1). A statistical analysis was performed for the performance of the DRS, wetted area, drop size, rainfall intensity, duration and kinetic energy. The analysis showed that DRS can provide rainfall that corresponds to natural rainfall, except in terms of the drop size distribution and wetted area. However, usually there are more factors that do not correspond to natural rainfall, such as the median drop size, volume and kinetic energy. Metal and plastic tubes (MT and PT) as the most present dripper types showed a strong relation between the outer diameter (OD) and drop size, while the inner diameter (ID) relation was moderate-to-weak. However, when increasing the range of MT drippers, for diameter size, the relation significance becomes very strong for bouts ID and OD. With the increase in the ID of PT, the relation deviates from the logarithmic curve that represents all drippers together. The sizes of the drops generated by the drippers are mostly in the range between 2 and 6 mm, while the number of drops smaller than 2 mm is relatively small. The intensity and duration of the simulated rain can be successfully produced to match natural values, with the most frequently simulated short-term rainfall of a high intensity. Most simulations were conducted at a fall height of up to 2 m, and then their number gradually decreases as the height gets closer to 5 m. Most simulations (58.6%) occur in the range between 20-90% KE, then 33.0% in a range of 90-100%, with only 8.4% lower than 20% KE.sr
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherMDPIsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200026/RS//sr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/inst-2020/200169/RS//sr
dc.relation.isreferencedbyhttps://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/7326
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceWatersr
dc.subjectdripping rainfall simulatorssr
dc.subjectdripperssr
dc.subjectsimulator performancesr
dc.subjectsoil researchsr
dc.subjectrainfall simulator reviewsr
dc.titleDripping Rainfall Simulators for Soil Research - Performance Reviewsr
dc.typearticlesr
dc.rights.licenseBYsr
dc.citation.volume15
dc.citation.issue7
dc.citation.spage1314
dc.citation.rankM22~
dc.description.otherEncyclopedia Platform entry baseed on this article: [https://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/7326]
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/w15071314
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/26947/bitstream_26947.pdf
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85152860716
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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