Synthesis, characterization and cytotoxicity of surface amino-functionalized water-dispersible multi-walled carbon nanotubes
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Marinković, Aleksandar D.
Uskoković, Petar S.
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Surface functionalization of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs), with amino groups via chemical modification of carboxyl groups introduced on the nanotube surface, using O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)-N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (N-HATU) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIEA) is reported. The N-HATU coupling agent provides faster reaction rate and the reaction occurs at lower temperature compared to amidation and acylation-amidation chemistry. The amines, 1,6-hexanediamine (HDA), diethylenetriamine (DETA), triethylenetetramine (TETA) and 1,4-phenylenediamine (PDA) were used. The resulting materials were characterized with different techniques such as FTIR, XRD, elemental analysis, TGA, TEM, UV-vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry. MWCNTs functionalized with PDA posses the best dispersibility and electron transfer properties in comparison to the others amines. Functionalized MWCNTs, at the concentrations between 1 and 50 μg ml-1, were not cytotoxic for the fibrobla...st L929 cell line. However, the concentrations of MWCNTs higher of 10 μg ml-1 reduced cell growth and this effect correlated positively with the degree of their uptake by L929 cells.
Keywords:Amino-functionalization / Carbon nanotubes / Cyclic voltammetry / cytotoxicity
Source:Applied Surface Science, 2009, 255, 18, 8067-8075
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam