beta-Carotene removal from soybean oil with smectite clay using central composite design
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In this study removal of beta-carotene from soybean oil by adsorption on acid activated smectite clay from Serbia was investigated and a factorial 2(3) experimental design was applied. The effects of relevant factors, such as temperature, solid-to-liquid ratio and time, on removal of beta-carotene were investigated. In order to check these factors and their effect on the removal of beta-carotene, we have established a model of this technique following a methodological strategy using experiments design. The mathematical model is established using a central composite design. The model describes the changes of the measured responses of beta-carotene removal efficiency according to the temperature, solid-to-liquid ratio and time. The graphical representation of this model in the space of the variables enabled us to define the optimum conditions of these parameters. The optimum conditions to obtain the maximum removal of beta-carotene from soybean oil were a temperature of 80A degrees C, a ...solid-to-liquid ratio of 1: 25 and a time of 1255 s. Under these optimal conditions, the experimental values agreed with the predicted values, using analysis of variance, indicating a high goodness of fit of the model used and the success of response surface methodology for optimizing adsorption beta-carotene of acid activated smectite clay from soybean oil.
Source:Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, 2009, 83, 9, 1621-1624
- Maik Nauka/Interperiodica/Springer, New York