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dc.creatorStanković, Miroslav
dc.creatorPavlović, Stefan
dc.creatorMarinković, Dalibor
dc.creatorTišma, Marina
dc.creatorGabrovska, Margarita
dc.creatorNikolova, Dimitrinka
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-16T12:39:29Z
dc.date.available2020-11-16T12:39:29Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-78984-283-8
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-78984-284-5
dc.identifier.isbn978-1-83962-155-0
dc.identifier.urihttps://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/handle/123456789/3743
dc.description.abstractCoal fly ash (CFA) is generated during the combustion of coal for energy production. Many studies are based on its utilization as the most abundant, cheap aluminosilicate industrial residue, which is recognized as a risk for the environment and human health. The present review is focused on CFA origin, chemical properties, and its catalytic application for biodiesel production. The aluminosilicate nature and the presence of rare earth elements make CFA suitable for different adsorption, catalytic, and extraction processes for obtaining valuable products including alternative fuels and pure elements. However, the presence of toxic elements is a potential environmental problem, which should be solved in order to avoid soil, water, and air pollution. The most used modification methods are alkali activation, hydrothermal, and thermal treatment that improve the structural, morphological, and textural properties. The active catalytic form could be obtained by impregnation or ion exchange method. It was found that such synthesized materials have significant catalytic potential in the biofuel chemistry. In the case of biodiesel production, the high values of conversion or yield can be achieved under mild low-energy reaction conditions in the presence of low-cost waste-based catalysts.en
dc.language.isoensr
dc.publisherIntechOpen, London, UKsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/45001/RS//sr
dc.rightsopenAccesssr
dc.sourceRenewable Energy – Resources, Challenges and Applicationssr
dc.subjectcoal fly ashsr
dc.subjectwaste materialssr
dc.subjectzeolitessr
dc.subjectcatalystsr
dc.subjecttransesterificationsr
dc.subjectbiodieselsr
dc.titleSolid green biodiesel catalysts derived from coal fly ashsr
dc.typebookPartsr
dc.rights.licenseBYsr
dcterms.abstractНиколова, Димитринка; Габровска, Маргарита; Станковић, Мирослав; Тишма, Марина; Павловић, Стефан; Маринковић, Далибор;
dc.citation.spage185
dc.citation.epage208
dc.citation.rankM14~
dc.identifier.doi10.5772/intechopen.91703
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://cer.ihtm.bg.ac.rs/bitstream/id/17567/DMarinkovicetal.2020.pdf
dc.type.versionpublishedVersionsr


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