Influence of Ni2+/Co2+ ratio in electrolyte on morphology, structure and magnetic properties of electrolytically produced Ni−Co alloy powders
AuthorsMaksimović, Vesna M.
Kusigerski, Vladan B.
Article (Published version)
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Nickel−cobalt (Ni−Co) alloy powders were produced galvanostatically by using sulphate electrolytes with various ratios of Ni2+/Co2+ (mole ratios). The morphology, phase structure, chemical composition and magnetic properties were examined by scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), atomic emission spectrometer (AES), and SQUID-based magnetometer, respectively. Morphology of the particles changed from cauliflower-like and dendritic to coral-like and spongy-like ones with increasing Ni2+/Co2+ ratio from 0.25 to 4.0. XRD analysis of the Ni−Co powders revealed that the decrease of Ni2+/Co2+ ratios (the increase of Co content) caused a change of structure from face centered cubic (FCC) obtained for the ratios of 4.0, 1.5 and 0.67 to a mixture of FCC and hexagonal closed-packed (HCP) phases for the ratio of 0.25. The increasing content of nickel led to change of mechanism of electrolysis from irregular (up to ~40 wt.% Ni in the electrolytes) to close to equilib...rium (between ~40 and 60 wt.% Ni in the electrolytes) and anomalous co-deposition (over 60 wt.% Ni in the electrolytes) type. All of the obtained Ni−Co alloy samples behaved as soft magnetic materials while their magnetic parameters showed immediate composition dependence since both coercivity and saturation magnetization almost linearly increased with increase of the Co content.
Keywords:Ni−Co alloy powders / electrolysis / hydrogen / morphology / magnetic properties
Source:Transactions of Nonferrows Metals Society of China, 2020, 30, 4, 1046-1057
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