Electrocatalytic Activity of Sol–Gel-Prepared RuO 2 /Ti Anode in Chlorine and Oxygen Evolution Reactions
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Milonjić, Slobodan K.
Nikolić, B. Ž.
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Electrocatalytic properties of RuO 2 /Ti anode with different coating masses, which are prepared by the alkoxide sol–gel procedure, are investigated in chlorine and oxygen evolution reactions by polarization measurements and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in H 2 SO 4 and NaCl electrolytes. According to polarization measurements, the activity of anodes at overpotentials below 100 mV is independent of coating mass. However, impedance measurements above 100 mV reveal changes in the activity of anodes in chlorine evolution reaction for different coating masses. The diffusion limitations related to the evolved chlorine are registered in low-frequency domain at 1.10 V (SCE), diminishing with the increase in potential to the 1.15 V (SCE). The observed impedance behavior is discussed with respect to the activity model for activated titanium anodes in chlorine evolution reaction involving formation of gas channels within porous coating structure. Gas channels enhance t...he mass transfer rate similarly to the forced convection, which also increases the activity of anode. This is more pronounced for the anode of greater coating mass due to its more compact surface structure. The more compact structure appears to be beneficial for gas channels formation.
Keywords:electrocatalysis / RuO 2 /Ti anode / chlorine evolution / oxygen evolution / sol–gel method
Source:Russian Journal of Electrochemistry, 2006, 42, 10, 1055-1060