Kiwifruit cysteine protease actinidin compromises the intestinal barrier by disrupting tight junctions
Nešić, Andrijana N.
Smit, Joost J.
Article (Accepted Version)
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Background: The intestinal epithelium forms a barrier that food allergens must cross in order to induce sensitization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the plant-derived food cysteine protease - actinidin (Act d1) on the integrity of intestinal epithelium tight junctions (TJs). Methods: Effects of Act d1 on the intestinal epithelium were evaluated in Caco-2 monolayers and in a mouse model by measuring transepithelial resistance and in vivo permeability. Integrity of the tight junctions was analyzed by confocal microscopy. Proteolysis of TJ protein occludin was evaluated by mass spectrometry. Results: Actinidin (1 mg/mL) reduced the transepithelial resistance of the cell monolayer by 18.1% (after 1 h) and 25.6% (after 4 h). This loss of barrier function was associated with Act d 1 disruption of the occludin and zonula occludens (ZO)-1 network. The effect on intestinal permeability in vivo was demonstrated by the significantly higher concentration of 40 kDa FITC-dextra...n (233 mu g/mL) that passed from the intestine into the serum of Act d1 treated mice in comparison to the control group (0.5 mu g/mL). Human occludin was fragmented, and putative Act d1 cleavage sites were identified in extracellular loops of human occludin. Conclusion: Act d1 caused protease-dependent disruption of tight junctions in confluent Caco-2 cells and increased intestinal permeability in mice. General significance: In line with the observed effects of food cysteine proteases in occupational allergy, these results suggest that disruption of tight junctions by food cysteine proteases may contribute to the process of sensitization in food allergy. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Actinidin / Cysteine protease / Intestinal permeability / Occludin / Tight junctions
Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: General Subjects, 2016, 1860, 3, 516-526
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam
- Allergens, antibodies, enzymes and small physiologically important molecules: design, structure, function and relevance (RS-172049)
- Reinforcement of the Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, towards becoming a Center of Excellence in the region of WB for Molecular Biotechnology and Food research (EU-256716)
- This is peer-reviewed version of the following article: Grozdanovic, M. M.; Čavić, M.; Nešić, A.; Andjelković, U.; Akbari, P.; Smit, J. J.; Gavrović-Jankulović, M. Kiwifruit Cysteine Protease Actinidin Compromises the Intestinal Barrier by Disrupting Tight Junctions. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects 2016, 1860 (3), 516–526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbagen.2015.12.005