Grape Seed Polyphenols and Fatty Acids of Autochthonous Prokupac Vine Variety from Serbia
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Grape pomace (grape skin, seeds, and stems) represents a valuable source of bioactive compounds, thus the interest in making use of these wine waste products is increasing. Prokupac is an autochthonous Serbian variety of black grape with a long tradition in production of red wine. Identification of the superficial polyphenolic compounds by LC/MS revealed presence of 19 compounds including hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives, ellagic acid derivatives, flavan‐3‐ol monomers, proanthocyanidins, and flavonols. Catechin and epicatechin together with proanthocyanidins were the most abundant compounds and the highest content of phenolic compounds was determined in Prokupac clones 43/1, 40/1, and 40/2. Grape seed oil consisted of dominantly UFA (87–95 %) where methyl linoleate was the most abundant in all samples (69–81 %). Palmitic (3–8 %) and stearic acid (2–4 %) methyl esters were dominant SFA. Prokupac clone 43/3 was the most abundant in UFA (95 %) with the lowest percentage of SFA (5 %), while... clones 41/1 and 43/5 had the lowest percentage of UFA (87 %) and the highest content of SFA (13 %). Favorable chemical profile of Prokupac clone seeds implicates its potential to be used as a raw material in further processing and possibility to be included as one of the quality parameters in further selection of the most interesting Prokupac clone.
Source:Chemistry & Biodiversity, 2019, e1900053-