Adsorption of strontium on different sodium-enriched bentonites
Milutinović Nikolić, Aleksandra
Article (Published version)
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Bentonites from three different deposits (Wyoming, TX, USA and Bogovina, Serbia) with similar cation exchange capacities were sodium enriched and tested as adsorbents for Sr2+ in aqueous solutions. X-Ray diffraction analysis confirmed successful Na-exchange. The textural properties of the bentonite samples were determined using low-temperature the nitrogen physisorption method. Significant differences in the textural properties between the different sodium enriched bentonites were found. Adsorption was investigated with respect to adsorbent dosage, pH, contact time and the initial concentration of Sr2+. The adsorption capacity increased with pH. In the pH range from 4.0-8.5, the amount of adsorbed Sr2+ was almost constant but 2-3 times smaller than at pH approximate to 11. Further experiments were performed at the unadjusted pH since extreme alkaline conditions are environmentally hostile and inapplicable in real systems. The adsorption capacity of all the investigated adsorbents towar...d Sr2+ was similar under the investigated conditions, regardless of significant differences in the specific surface areas. It was shown and confirmed by the Dubinin-Radushkevich model that the cation exchange mechanism was the dominant mechanism of Sr2+ adsorption. Their developed microporous structures contributed to the Sr2+ adsorption process. The adsorption kinetics obeyed the pseudo-second-order model. The isotherm data were best fitted with the Langmuir isotherm model.
Keywords:Sr2+ / water purification / Na-enriched clays / cation exchange capacity / textural properties
Source:Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 2017, 82, 4, 449-463
- Serbian Chemical Society