Leaching of selected elements from coal ash dumping
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Coal ash obtained by coal combustion in the &quot;Nikola Tesla A&quot; power plant in Obrenovac near Belgrade (Serbia) is suspended in river water then carried by a pipeline to a dump. In order to predict the leachability and possible environmental impact of selected elements due to ionic strength of river water, we extracted coal ash with distilled water and 0.002 M-2 M solutions of KNO3. The results show that changes in river water ionic strength could significantly influence pollution by calcium, chromium and manganese ions, but not by zinc, nickel and copper ions. In the case of lead, magnesium, arsenic and iron ions it is difficult to predict the effects of ionic strength on pollution processes in the vicinity of the dump. Further, pollution by cadmium ions is unlikely because extractable cadmium is not detectable within the applied ionic strength range.
Keywords:coal ash / leaching / major elements / microelements
Source:Environmental Chemistry: Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems, 2005, 145-151
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg