Atypical sympathomimetic drug lerimazoline mediates contractile effects in rat aorta predominantly by 5-HT2A receptors
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Lerimazoline is a sympathomimetic drug that belongs to the imidazoline class of compounds, and is used as a nasal decongestant. Studies on lerimazoline are rare, and its pharmacological profile is not completely understood. Here, we analyzed the affinity of lerimazoline for dopamine receptor D2, serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A receptors and alpha(1)-adrenoceptor, and investigated lerimazoline contractile effects in isolated rat thoracic aorta. We also determined the effect of several antagonists on the contractile response to lerimazoline, including prazosin (alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist), RX 821002 and rauwolscine (alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonists), JP 1302 (alpha(2C)-adrenoceptor antagonist), methiothepin (non-selective 5-HT receptor antagonist), SB 224289 (5-HT1B receptor antagonist), BRL 15572 (5-HT1D receptor antagonist), and ketanserin (5-HT2A receptor antagonist). Lerimazoline displayed high affinity for the 5-HT1A receptor (Ki = 162.5 nM), similar to the previously reported af...finity for the 5-HT1D receptor. Binding affinity estimates (Ki) for alpha(1), 5-HT2A, and D-2 receptors were 6656, 4202 and 3437.5 nM, respectively (the literature reported Ki for 5-HT1B receptor is 3480 nM). Lerimazoline caused concentration-dependent contractions in 70% of preparations, varying in the range between 40% and 55% of the maximal contraction elicited by phenylephrine. While prazosin reduced the maximum contractile response to lerimazoline, rauwolscine showed a non-significant trend in reduction of the response. Both ketanserin (10 nM and 1 mu M) and methiothepin strongly suppressed the maximum response to lerimazoline. Overall, our results suggest that 5-HT2A and, less distinctly, alpha(1)-adrenergic receptors are involved in the lerimazoline-induced contractions, which makes lerimazoline an "atypical" decongestant.
Keywords:Lerimazoline / rat aorta / binding affinity / phenylephrine / 5-HT2A receptors / St-71 / trimizoline / tramazoline / antagonist activity / sympathomimetic drug
Source:Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 2017, 17, 3, 194-202
- Association of Basic Medical Sciences of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina