Air Pollution by Pollen Grains of Anemophilous Species: Influence of Chemical and Meteorological Parameters
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One of the most important particles of biological origin present in the air is pollen grains of plants. Having basic biological function in the process of pollination, pollen grains of some plant species can cause allergic reactions among 20-30% of the human population and thus affect their health and overall quality of life. Bearing in mind the potential influence air pollutants and meteorological parameters may have on release of pollen and granules of allergen from pollen, concentrations of air pollutants and 26 different anemophilous aeropollen types as well as meteorological parameters were established in a 5-year period (2009-2013) in Subotica, Northern Serbia. Spearman's rank correlation was made for statistical analysis of relationships between concentration of some air pollutants (sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, soot, particulate matter (PM)(10) and PM2.5), meteorological factors (temperature of air, humidity, wind speed, cloud index) and airborne pollen. In most of the exa...mined years, significant positive correlations were determined between temperature and total pollen concentration, while significant negative correlations were established between humidity as well as cloud index and total pollen concentration, clearly proving the influence these meteorological parameters have on pollination of all examined species.
Keywords:Pollen / Air pollutants / Meteorological parameters / Spearman correlation
Source:Water Air and Soil Pollution, 2015, 226, 9
- Springer, Dordrecht