Experimental investigation and thermodynamic calculations of the Bi-In-Ni phase diagram
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Phase diagram of the Bi-In-Ni ternary system was investigated using differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis. Experimentally obtained results were compared with the results of thermodynamic calculation of phase equilibria based on calculation of phase diagram (CALPHAD) method and literature data. Phase transition temperatures of alloys with overall compositions along three selected vertical sections In-Bi0.8Ni0.2, x(Bi) = 0.6 and Bi-In0.5Ni0.5 were measured by DTA. Liquidus temperatures were experimentally determined and compared with the results of thermodynamic calculation. Identification of coexisting phases in samples equilibrated at 100 degrees C, 300 degrees C and 350 degrees C was carried out using SEM-EDS and XRD methods. The obtained results were compared with the calculated isothermal sections of the Bi-In-Ni ternary system at corresponding temperatures. Calcu...lated liquidus projection and invariant equilibria of the Bi-In-Ni ternary.system were presented.
Keywords:Bi-In-Ni / Phase diagram / DTA / XRD / SEM-EDS
Source:Thermochimica Acta, 2015, 609, 61-74
- Elsevier Science Bv, Amsterdam