Spectroscopic and quantum chemical investigations of substituent effects on the azo-hydrazone tautomerism and acid-base properties of arylazo pyridone dyes
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Jovanović, Dušan M.
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A series of 5-(4-substituted arylazo)-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridone dyes was synthesized and the structure of the dyes was confirmed by UV-Vis, FT-IR, H-1 NMR and C-13 NMR spectroscopic techniques. The azo-hydrazone tautomeric equilibrium was found to depend on the substituents as well as on the acidity and basicity of the media. Ionization constant, pK(a), of the dyes was determined by UV-Vis spectroscopy and correlated with the Hammett substituent constants, sigma(p) and sigma(I). The interpretation of the effect of different substituent in phenyl ring of arylazo pyridone dyes on their spectroscopic and structural properties was based on quantum chemical calculations performed by the density functional theory (DET/M06-2X) method. The DFT calculations confirmed the existence of two forms in water solution: hydrazone form in acidic and neutral media and anionic form in basic media. The different contribution of azo and hydrazone canonical forms of anionic form is observed for d...yes with electron-donating and dyes with electron-withdrawing groups. The dependence of absorption spectra and determined pK(a) values to the substituent type seems to be mostly due to azo/hydrazone canonical structure ratio in their anionic form.
Keywords:Azo dyes / Azo-hydrazone tautomerism / Absorption spectra / pK(a) / DFT
Source:Spectrochimica Acta Part A-Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 2014, 123, 37-45
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford