Influence of Electrolytic Copper Powder Particle Morphology on Electrical Conductivity of Lignocellulose Composites and Formation of Conductive Pathways
AuthorsPavlović, Miroslav M.
Article (Published version)
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Composites based on polymers with conductive fillers have been gaining more significant roles in a variety of technological domains and they are getting in the research focus of numerous studies as a part of growing research trend. Galvanostatically produced copper powder with high values of specific area was used as filler for synthesis of electroconductive composite materials prepared by the compression molding of mixtures of lignocellulose and electrochemically deposited copper powder. This article is concerned with characterization of these composites. Analysis of the most significant properties of prepared composites and its components included measurements of electrical conductivity, impedance spectroscopy (IS) behavior and structural and morphological analysis. Volume fraction of the copper powder was varied from 2.0-29.8% (v/v). The significant increase of the electrical conductivity can be observed as the copper powder content reaches the percolation threshold (PT). It was sho...wn that PT depends on both particle shape and type of spatial distribution. IS measurements have shown that particle morphology having pronounced grain boundaries has great effect on appearance of electric conductive layers. The packaging effect and more pronounced interpartical contact with copper powder particles lead to "movement" of PT, which for the particles LT 45 mu m and highest processing pressure of 27 MPa was 7.2% (v/v). IS response of the composites showed existence of electrical conductive layers, each having different resistivity which increases towards interior of the composite.
Keywords:impedance spectroscopy / electrolytic copper powder / lignocellulose / composite
Source:International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 2014, 9, 12, 8355-8366
- Electrochemical Science Group