Antioxidant activity of propolis extracts from Serbia: A polarographic approach
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AuthorsPotkonjak, Nebojsa I.
Veselinović, Dragan S.
Gorjanović, Stanislava Ž.
Suznjevic, Desanka Z.
Article (Published version)
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Antioxidant activity (AO) of commercial propolis extracts (PEs), available on Serbian market, was determined by direct current (DC) polarography. Polarographic anodic current of 5.0 mmol L-1 alkaline solution of H2O2 was recorded at potentials of mercury dissolution. Decrease of the current was plotted against the volume of gradually added PEs. The volume of PE causing 20% current decrease was determined from the linear part of the plot. Antioxidant activity was expressed in H2O2 equivalent (HPEq), representing the volume of PE that corresponds to 1.0 mmol L-1 H2O2 decrease. Resulting HPEq ranged between 1.71 +/- 0.11 and 8.00 +/- 0.18 mu L. Range of 1,1-dipheny1-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was from 0.093 +/- 0.004% to 0.346 +/- 0.006%. Total phenolic content (TCP) of PE with superior AO activity was 5.31 +/- 0.05%g GAE, while the extract with the lowest activity contained 1.45 +/- 0.02%g GAE. Antioxidant activity, determined by polarographic method, was correl...ated with DPPH scavenging activity (R-2 = 0.991) and TCP (R-2 = 0.985). Validity of obtained results was further confirmed using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey HSD test.
Keywords:Propolis extract / Antioxidant activity / Hydrogen peroxide / Polarography
Source:Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2012, 50, 10, 3614-3618
- Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd, Oxford
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