Investigation of Micromechanical Structures by Photoacoustic Elastic Bending Method
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Photoacoustic (PA) and photothermal (PT) science and technology extensively developed new methods for the investigation of micro (nano)-mechanical structures. PA and PT effects can be important also as driven mechanisms for optically excited micromechanical structures. The photoacoustic elastic bending method (PA-EBM) is based on the optical excitation of the micromechanical structure and detection of the acoustic response (PA signal) with a very sensitive PA detection system. The experimental PA elastic bending signals of the whole micromechanical structure were measured by using a special constructed PA cell (the gas-microphone detection technique with transmission configuration). The PA amplitude and phase spectra were measured, as a function of the modulation frequency in a frequency range from 20 Hz to 20 000 Hz, for different samples (Si chip with square membrane). The electronic and thermal elastic PA effects (electronic deformation and thermoelastic mechanisms of elastic wave g...eneration) in a Si simply supported rectangular plate (3D geometry), photogenerated by a uniform and intensity-modulated optical beam, were studied. The theoretical model for the PA elastic bending frequency distribution by using the Green function method was given. The amplitude and phase PA signals were calculated and analyzed, including the thermalization and surface and volume recombination heat sources. The theoretical results were compared with experimental data.
Keywords:Elastic bending / Electronic deformation / Membranes / Micromechanical structures / Photoacoustic / Photothermal / Thermoelastic
Source:International Journal of Thermophysics, 2012, 33, 10-11, 2222-2229
- Springer/Plenum Publishers, New York