Electrical Conductivity of Lignocellulose Composites Loaded with Electrodeposited Copper Powders. Part II. Influence of Particle Size on Percolation Threshold
AuthorsPavlović, Miroslav M.
Article (Published version)
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This article is concerned with synthesis and characterization of electroconductive composite materials prepared by the compression molding of mixtures of lignocellulose and electrochemically deposited copper powder under different pressures, and investigation of the influence of particle size on conductivity and percolation threshold of obtained composites. Electrodeposited copper powder content was varied from 2.0-29.8 vol%. Analysis of the most significant properties of individual components and prepared composites included structural and morphological analysis and measurements of hardness and electrical conductivity. Hardness of the investigated composites, as expected, increased with the increase of the processing pressure, as well as lowering the particle size compared to previous work. The significant increase of the electrical conductivity can be observed as the copper powder content reaches the percolation threshold. The packaging effect and more pronounced interpartical contac...t with smaller, highly porous, highly dendritic particles with high values of specific area lead to "movement" of percolation threshold towards lower filler content, which for the particles LT 45 mu m and highest processing pressure of 27 MPa was 7.2% (v/v). In the investigated range of electrodeposited copper powder concentrations and applied pressures the increase of the electrical conductivity of composites is as much as fourteen orders of magnitude. It was found that this transition occurs at lower volume fractions than stated in the literature which can be due to the filler with high specific area.
Keywords:Conducting polymer composites / electrolytic copper powder / constant current / lignocellulose / particle size / electrical conductivity / percolation threshold
Source:International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 2012, 7, 9, 8883-8893
- Esg, Belgrade