New androst-4-en-17-spiro-1,3,2-oxathiaphospholanes. Synthesis, assignment of absolute configuration and in vitro cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities
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Pavlović, Vladimir D.
Matić, Ivana Z.
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The reactions of 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone with Lawesson's reagent (LR) in toluene, CH2Cl2 and/or CCl4 gave, depending on the duration of the reaction, two diastereoisomeric androst-4-en-17-spiro-1,3,2-oxathiaphospholane-2-sulfide pairs 2a,b and 3a,b in approximately 7:3 ratio, differing in configuration at the phosphorus atom. A parallel analysis of heteronuclear 2D H-1-C-13 spectra (HSQC and HMBC) and homo-nuclear 2D spectra (NOESY) enabled complete H-1 and C-13 assignments of each isomer. Also, analysis of NOESY correlations provided evidence for the preferred conformation. X-ray analysis of 3a confirmed the structure and absolute configuration on phosphorus. A pathway for the formation of 1,3,2-oxathiaphospholane ring was proposed. Cytotoxic activity in vitro was tested against three tumor cell lines (human cervix carcinoma HeLa cells and two human breast carcinoma MDA-MB-361 and MDA-MB-453 cells). Compound 3a and mixture 3a,b showed a moderate activity against HeLa and MDA-MB-4...53 cell lines while against MDA-MB-361 cell line all tested compounds exerted very weak cytotoxic effect. Antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and fungal cells, toxicity to brine shrimp Artemia sauna, were evaluated. All tested compounds showed strong antifungal activity.
Keywords:Phosphorus heterocycle / 17 alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone / Lawesson's reagent / X-ray analysis / 17-Spiro-androstene derivatives / Biological activity
Source:Steroids, 2012, 77, 5, 558-565
- Elsevier Science Inc, New York