Biomarker distributions as indicators for the depositional environment of lacustrine sediments in the Valjevo-Mionica basin (Serbia)
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In this study, the molecular composition and biomarker distribution of lacustrine sediments from Val-1 drillhole in the central zone of the western part of the Valjevo-Mionica basin were investigated at depth interval of 0-400 m. Former investigations have shown that the core material can be separated into six depth intervals based on bulk geochemical, mineralogical and sedimentological characteristics. Concerning the quality of organic matter, presence of specific minerals, and high salinity and anoxicity, or alkalinity, three zones are of highest interest, defined at depth intervals or 15-75 m (A), 75-200 m (B) and 360-400 m (F). The first aim of the study was to identify which biomarkers characterize these specific intervals. The second aim, addressing the transitions zones of these intervals, was to extend the changes in the characteristics of the organic substance, to reflect the changes of conditions in the depositional environment as well as to define biomarker parameters which ...are the most sensitive sedimentological indicators. The sediments from the hypersaline anoxic and alkaline environment show high contribution of algal precursor biomass, what is in accordance with the good quality of organic substances in the sediments from these zones. High squalane content and low content of regular isoprenoid C-25 are typical for hypersaline anoxic environment, whereas sediments from alkaline environment have high regular isoprenoid C-25 content. Transition to specific sedimentation zones is characterized by change in total organic matter content, and of both free and pyrolysis-derived, and change in hydrogen index value. In the biomarker distributions, more significant changes were detected in distributions of n-alkanes and isoprenoids, compared to polycyclic alkanes. The most intensive changes in alkane distribution are reflected in changes in n-C-17 content compared to n-C-17, and phytane compared to n-C-18. In addition, significant sensitivity was seen in ratios between squalane and n-alkane C-26 (hypersaline depositional environment), or isoprenoid C-25 and n-alkane C-22 for high alkalinity environment. This study showed that Sq/n-C-26 ratio can be used to assess the quality of organic substance in immature lacustrine sediments.
Keywords:Valjevo-Mionica basin / Lake sediments / Geochemical parameters / Saturated biomarkers / Depositional environment
Source:Chemie Der Erde-Geochemistry, 2008, 68, 4, 395-411
- Elsevier Gmbh, Urban & Fischer Verlag, Jena