Metabolic Profiling of Saponin-Rich Ophiopogon japonicus Roots Based on 1H NMR and HPTLC Platforms
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Bueno, Paula C. P.
Salomé Abarca, Luis F.
Jang, Young Pyo
Choi, Young Hae
Article (Published version)
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Ideally, metabolomics should deal with all the metabolites that are found within cells and biological systems. The most common technologies for metabolomics include mass spectrometry, and in most cases, hyphenated to chromatographic separations (liquid chromatography- or gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. However, limitations such as low sensitivity and highly congested spectra in nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and relatively low signal reproducibility in mass spectrometry impede the progression of these techniques from being universal metabolomics tools. These disadvantages are more notorious in studies of certain plant secondary metabolites, such as saponins, which are difficult to analyse, but have a great biological importance in organisms. In this study, high-performance thin-layer chromatography was used as a supplementary tool for metabolomics. A method consisting of coupling 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and ...high-performance thin-layer chromatography was applied to distinguish between Ophiopogon japonicus roots that were collected from two growth locations and were of different ages. The results allowed the root samples from the two growth locations to be clearly distinguished. The difficulties encountered in the identification of the marker compounds by 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was overcome using high-performance thin-layer chromatography to separate and isolate the compounds. The saponins, ophiojaponin C or ophiopogonin D, were found to be marker metabolites in the root samples and proved to be greatly influenced by plant growth location, but barely by age variation. The procedure used in this study is fully described with the purpose of making a valuable contribution to the quality control of saponin-rich herbal drugs using high-performance thin-layer chromatography as a supplementary analytical tool for metabolomics research.
Keywords:metabolic profiling / Ophiopogon japonicus / Asparagaceae / saponin / NMR / HPTLC / age / growth location
Source:Planta Medica, 2019, 85, 11/12, 917-924
- Georg Thieme Verlag KG
- National Natural Science Foundation of China (Project No. 3157033)
- Research Fund of University of Macau (MYRG2018-00207-ICMS)
- Research Fund of University of Macau (SRG2017-00095-ICMS)