Influence of the Organoclay Content on the Structure, Morphology, and Surface Related Properties of Novel Poly(dimethylsiloxane)-Based Polyurethane/Organoclay Nanocomposites
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Novel poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based polyurethane nanocomposites (TPU-NCs) were synthesized using in situ polymerization with the nanoclay Cloisite 30B. Differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis showed that TPU-NCs with an organoclay content of LT = 5 wt % exhibited increased thermal stability, storage modulus, and hard-segment melt temperatures but decreased degrees of crystallinity. TPU-NCs displayed increased surface hydrophilicity and enhanced surface free energy with increasing organoclay content. Small and wide-angle X-ray scattering confirmed intercalated formations of organoclays in the nanocomposites. Individual clay particles on the surfaces of TPUs with lower organoclay loadings (1 or 3 wt %) or organoclay agglomerates in TPUs with higher amounts of organoclay (>= 5 wt %) were detectable using scanning electron microscopy. The relatively smooth and homogeneous character of pure TPU and the distinctly heterogeneous a...nd rough surfaces of TPU-NCs were detected via atomic force microscopy. Among the nanomaterials prepared, TPU-NCs with 1 wt % organoclay provided the best balance between the organoclay concentration and the functional properties desired in biomedical applications.
Source:Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 2017, 56, 17, 4970-4983
- Amer Chemical Soc, Washington
- Synthesis and characterization of novel functional polymers and polymeric nanocomposites (RS-172062)
- Czech Science Foundation (Grant Agency of the Czech Republic) - 13-06700S