Antiproliferative and antibacterial activity of some glutarimide derivatives
AuthorsPopović-Djordjević, Jelena, B.
Klaus, Anita, S.
Matić, Ivana Z.
Article (Published version)
Taylor & Francis Group
MetadataShow full item record
Antiproliferative and antibacterial activities of nine glutarimide derivatives (1–9) were reported. Cytotoxicity of compounds was tested toward three human cancer cell lines, HeLa, K562 and MDA-MB-453 by MTT assay. Compound 7 (2-benzyl-2-azaspiro[5.11]heptadecane-1,3,7-trione), containing 12-membered ketone ring, was found to be the most potent toward all tested cell lines (IC50 = 9–27 μM). Preliminary screening of antibacterial activity by a disk diffusion method showed that Gram-positive bacteria were more susceptible to the tested compounds than Gram-negative bacteria. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) determined by a broth microdilution method confirmed that compounds 1, 2, 4, 6–8 and 9 inhibited the growth of all tested Gram-positive and some of the Gram-negative bacteria. The best antibacterial potential was achieved with compound 9 (ethyl 4-(1-benzyl-2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)butanoate) against Bacillus cereus (MIC 0.625 mg/mL; 1.97 × 10−3 mol/L). Distinction between more and... less active/inactive compounds was assessed from the pharmacophoric patterns obtained by molecular interaction fields.
Keywords:Antitumor agents / heterocycles / structure–activity analysis
Source:Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry, 2016, 31, 915-923
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