Coprinus comatus filtrate extract, a novel neuroprotective agent of natural origin
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In vitro acetylholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of an autochthonous sample of the mushroom Coprinus comatus (encompassing fruiting body FB, mycelia M and filtrate F from the submerged cultivation) was the subject of this study. C. comatus F extract exhibited rather potent anti-AChE activity (73.0 ± 1.5%) at in liquid conditions, comparable to those of the conventional drug donepezil (80.6 ± 1.4%). Also, the same extract exhibited high anti-AChE activity (1 µg) in solid. While its FTIR spectrum indicated the presence of phenolic compounds, quercetin (28.1 µg g−1 d.w.) was found to affect the observed bioactivity (59.8 ± 0.9%). This is the first report of profound anti-AChE activity of any C. comatus extract, a medicinal mushroom that has been successfully cultivated in P.R. China, due to the demanding needs of food industry.
Keywords:AChE inhibitory activity / Coprinus comatus filtrate extract / new AD health promoting product / polyphenolic profile / quercetin
Source:Natural Product Research, 2018
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