Characterization of a low cost Lagenaria vulgaris based carbon for ranitidine removal from aqueous solutions
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Practical aspects of Lagenaria vulgaris shell conversion to activated carbon were examined along with its use in ranitidine adsorption. Kinetics and isotherms of adsorption onto Lagenaria vulgaris carbon (LVC) were correlated to several theoretical adsorption models. The best fit was found in the case of Langmuir and pseudo-second-order model indicating monolayer adsorption. The influence of pH under kinetic study showed slightly hindered adsorption below pH 4. The optimal adsorbent dosage was set to 1 g/L. LVC was characterized by several complementary techniques, including wet chemical techniques such as Boehm's titrations and determination of pH(pzc) and pH of LVC, which revealed neutral nature of the adsorbent. N-2 sorptometry determined specific surface area of 665 m(2)/g and significant ratio of micropores in the sample with maximum wall's diameter of 2.2 nm. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the role of lignin and cellulose in the formation of the final LV...C structure. Porous structure of the material was proved by using scanning electron microscopy. Preparation of LVC material drew attention as an easy and low-cost process for production of a highly efficient adsorbent which exhibited fast kinetics of ranitidine removal in the first minutes of contacting and large adsorption capacity (315.5 mg/g) at equilibrium.
Keywords:Ranitidine / Drug / Pollution / Lagenaria vulgaris / Adsorption / Carbon
Source:Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 2017, 10, 7, 956-964