Design and characterization of alcalase-chitosan conjugates as potential biocatalysts
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AuthorsZuza, Milena G.
Milasinovic, Nikola Z.
Jovanovic, Jelena R.
Krusic, Melina T. Kalagasidis
Bugarski, Branko M.
Knežević-Jugović, Zorica D.
Article (Published version)
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In this study, alcalase (protease from Bacillus licheniformis) immobilization by adsorption, enzyme crosslinking and covalent enzyme binding to activated chitosan microbeads were examined. The biocatalysts highest activity was obtained by covalent immobilization of alcalase onto a solid support. The alcalase covalent immobilization onto different types of chitosan beads obtained by inverse emulsion technique and electrostatic extrusion was studied. Parameters examined under different conditions were beads diameter, enzyme loading, enzyme capacity yield, and biocatalyst activity. The highest activity and enzyme loading of 23.6 IU/mg protein and 340.2 mg/g, respectively, were achieved by the enzyme immobilized onto chitosan microbeads obtained by the electrostatic extrusion technique. FT-IR analysis was used to confirm formation of alcalase-chitosan conjugates. The activity of optimally produced alcalase-chitosan microbeads was then verified in the industrially feasible reaction systems ...of egg white and soy protein hydrolysis. The high degree of hydrolysis of 29.85 +/- 0.967% after 180 min and five successive reuses obtained under real conditions (50 A degrees C, pH 8) verified the covalently bound alcalase to chitosan beads a promising candidate for use in industrial egg white protein hydrolysis process.
Keywords:Alcalase / Chitosan microbeads / Emulsion technique / Electrostatic extrusion / Immobilization
Source:Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering, 2017, 40, 11, 1713-1723
- Springer, New York
- Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of Serbia
- Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Serbia - 242/16-4-2014