Photocatalytic degradation of azo pyridone dye: Optimization using response surface methodology
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Jovanović, Dušan M.
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Response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite design have been applied to describe and optimize photocatalytic degradation of azo pyridone dye using TiO2, H2O2, and simulated sun light. The mutual interactions between three independent variables, viz. H2O2 concentration, irradiation time, and TiO2 content were obtained. The results revealed that the most influential variables under selected reaction conditions were irradiation time and TiO2 content. The optimized conditions for the photocatalytic degradation of azo pyridone dye were as follows: H2O2 concentration: 130.5 mg/L, irradiation time: 54.8 min, and TiO2 content: 2.48 g/L. Under these conditions, the maximum decolorization efficiency of 96.43% was achieved. This experimental value was in good agreement with the predicted one, which proved the validity of the model. Operation cost analysis indicated that irradiation time had the major influence on total process cost. The RSM based on the central composite design was s...hown to be a successful technique for the optimization of the decolorization efficiency of azo pyridone dye and can be very helpful in improving the process economic feasibility. TOC analysis showed that the dye could be effectively mineralized during photocatalytic degradation.
Keywords:Photodegradation / Azo pyridone dye / Response surface methodology / Central composite design / Optimization
Source:Desalination and Water Treatment, 2013, 51, 13-15, 2802-2812
- Desalination Publ, Hopkinton